A REVISED GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK
South Africa needs a fresh political and moral framework to solve its current moral crisis and to restore trust levels among all stakeholders in society.
NNM PROPOSES THE FOLLOWING CHANGES TO OUR GOVERNANCE SYSTEM:
A system in which the authentic voice of the people can be heard at the highest levels of decision making.
This will be made possible through the following mechanisms:
The proposed governance model is explained in detail below.
THE NNM GOVERNANCE PROPOSAL
There-in lies the reason NNM advocates this system. In that it is the only way to inculcate a culture of incorruptible, accountable, people-centred, and service-oriented governance in our government. The above is, therefore the fundamental premise of the governance system recommended by the Movement, whose major pillars are the following:
This means changing to a system that allows for Independent Parliamentarians to be elected by the people directly (constituency based), instead of the current system in which Parliamentarians are appointed by political parties only (proportional). The constituency-based system would enable citizens to exercise their constitutionally guaranteed right to stand for public office independently at a national and provincial level. This is not possible under the current electoral system. (High Level Report 2017, P524).
Out of the 400 seats in parliament, the Reports recommend that 300 should go to Independent Representatives, and only 100 remain for proportional party representatives.
To make this possible, the Movement proposes a system of Peoples Assemblies and Councils, comprised of existing organizations, and where necessary, new Assemblies to be formed in communities all over South Africa. This is how the people get organized to make input to national issues.
The people, through NNM will develop Policy Frameworks that are open and transparent and that will incorporate input from all South Africans, on the Economy, Finance, Education, Health Care, Social Services, Land, Banking, Arts and Entertainment, Media, Housing, Food Security, Water, Sanitation, Safety and Security, Prisoner rehabilitation., which will lead to regeneration of broken Families, broken Communities, the People and ultimately, the Nation.
WHY THE NEED FOR THESE FAR REACHING CHANGES
The reasons why South Africa needs these changes are spelt out very clearly in both Reports, which outline the major weaknesses in our governance system, that must be remedied. We here provide a brief outline thereof. The following is quoted from the Motlanthe High Level Report of 2017, P 524.
The High Level Report recommends that the accountability of Parliament to the public should be strengthened, by more direct linkages between Members of Parliament and their constituencies. The feedback loop from communities to legislation depends in part on the electoral system in place.
It recommends further that Parliament should introduce legislation that provides for a system of public review of appointees to Cabinet, Provincial Executive Committees and Mayoral Committees. (Page 518)
THE RECOMMENDED CONSTITUENCY BASED SYSTEM IN BRIEF
In 2002 Parliament appointed an electoral task team (ETT) led by Dr Frederick Van Zyl Slabbert to draw up a NEW ELECTORAL ACT. The majority of this panel felt that electoral reform was necessary to ensure ‘multi-member constituencies together electing 300 members of the National Assembly and a compensatory closed national list providing 100 members (giving a total of 400 members)’.
In terms of this proposal, there would be 69 multi-member constituencies. The number of representatives to be elected in a constituency would vary, depending on the number of voters, from three to seven for a national election, and 300 of the 400 members of the National Assembly would be elected, initially, from closed constituency lists in this way. The remaining 100 representatives would be allocated from closed national lists in order to restore overall proportionality.
LEGITIMACY OF THIS MODEL OF GOVERNANCE:
This is a legitimate model that has already been recommended to Parliament by legitimate structures.
The Governance System proposed herein is NOT A NEW CONCEPT, nor is it a creation of NNM. Its a system that’s already been recommended to the Parliament of South Africa, in 2003 and again in 2017, by legitimate, Cabinet sanctioned structures. NNM is simply raising awareness and calling the nation’s attention to the existence of TWO REPORTS, both of which recommended this system.
Both of these Reports, were presented to Parliament, but were pushed aside and not implemented. We the people believe that the state of the nation currently makes it an urgent priority for the recommendations in these Reports to be implemented, to remedy current limitations in our governance system. The two Reports are;
RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THESE REPORTS
The Montlanthe High Level Report of 2017 simply repeated the recommendations made in the Van Zyl Slabbert Report, that a constituency based electoral system be put in place to replace the current proportional representation electoral system. The reason for this, according to both Reports is that it is the best electoral model to ensure individual accountability of political Leaders.
The, Report recommends that Parliament amend the Electoral Act to provide for an electoral system that makes members of Parliament accountable to defined constituencies in a proportional representation and constituency system for national elections, and that a process should be in place to appoint key officials in a transparent manner. (Page 34).
The Report further recommends that the legislative process should be overhauled. Stating that there have been a series of judgments from the Constitutional Court about the need for effective public participation in the legislative process. The Panel was concerned about repeated failures to sufficiently engage those directly affected through inclusive public hearings, as evidenced by these judgments. (Page 34).
BUILDING A NEW NATION THROUGH INCLUSIVE ETHICAL PEOPLES GOVERNANCE
We, the New Nation Movement of South Africa are establishing a peoples movement designed to reclaim the ideal of the nation that ‘the people shall govern’.
THE GOALS WE AIM TO ACHIEVE
HOW WE PLAN TO IMPLEMENT THIS
Constitutional rights for all the people including full recognition of the first nation and all indigenous royal kingdoms and non-partisan communities in their diversity.
People-driven policy making: An Annual National Peoples Indaba, collates all inputs and decisions arrived at through various discussions by the people, from Local Peoples Assemblies and Councils.
NNM proposes a system that organises communities in a manner that
Government and Electoral Systems in which:
Parliamentariansare elected directly from within communities, as Independent Representatives of their constituencies.
The Executive President is elected directly by the people, through Peoples Councils, out of the non-partisan Peoples Assemblies.
The peoples’ government is composed of People’s Assemblies and Councils, who elect Leaders who are directly accountable to them.
A values-based Selection Procedure for ministers to facilitate the election of ethical, competent, unifying, peace-making leadership from organised families and communities who directly provide socio-economic and social services.
A Judiciary in which South Africa upholds the three independent arms of government. All Institutions of government (Legislature, Executive and Judiciary) and the private sector are subject to constitutional accountability and responsiveness. Office bearers and administrators in both public and private sectors are accountable to the people, and operate and work within the law just like all citizens. In no case is anyone above the constitution, the law, and our national values.
As history shows that peaceful and law-abiding nations are realised through internalisation of values, morals, ethics, and principles, these shall be written in the mind and heart of the people first, through the education system, so that they can apply and live them on a daily basis. The rule of law is derived from divine, natural, indigenous, traditional, and customary (including Dutch-Roman and English) laws. The rule of law shall be encouraged, taught, and promoted in families, communities, businesses, and governments. No one shall be above the law.
Policy Frameworks on Economy, Agriculture, Education, Health Care, Social Service, Banking etc. that are inclusive and transparent, and that will incorporate input from all South Africans which will lead to:
This includes restoration of the concept of family, recognition of the value of a strong community, and our responsibility to assist the needy members of families, and communities within a caring developmental nation.
Health Care is holistic, embracing all aspects (body, soul, and spirit) and all means of healing (spiritual, psychological, nutritional, herbal, therapeutic and medical). Health Care is not sick care but is prevention- and maintenance-orientated and rewards practitioners on wellness rather than rewarding procedures, treatments and interventions.
Education that embraces impartation of knowledge, appropriate application of knowledge and training in good values and principles for shaping integrity of character and relevant knowledge and skills to ensure future quality of life.
We recognise the unique identities of indigenous, traditional, and cultural groups, and the freedom of all our diverse people to make their own choices with regard to the expression of those identities, within the context of the moral values contained in the Bill of Values.
We recognise the universal right of the people to housing, food, clean water and adequate sanitation. Regeneration of the economy enables the implementation of these rights throughout the nation.
The livelihood of the people shall come from their ability to work their own land, govern their own affairs, and build their own villages, communities and cities. Protection of communities shall be ensured by skilled people supported by the police and military where necessary. Safety and security systems generated through prayer and moral values driven through prayer networks from faith and traditional communities throughout the nation will be encouraged.
Recognising the problem of recidivism of prisoners, we make it of national importance and the responsibility of community leaders and the society at large to rehabilitate prisoners both during incarceration and afterwards – spiritually, psychologically, and physically, and reintroduce them productively into the community.